Download Kickapoos: Lords of the Middle Border (Civilization of the by Arrell M. Gibson PDF

By Arrell M. Gibson

The Kickapoo Indians resisted outsiders’ each try to settle their lands--until ultimately they have been pressured to take away west of the Mississippi River to the plains of the Southwest. There they persisted to salary battle and acted as investors for border captives and items. In 1873 they reluctantly settled on a reservation in Indian Territory. There, corrupt politicians, land swindlers, gamblers, and whiskey peddlers preyed at the tribe. now not till the 20 th century did the Kickapoos acquired simply therapy by the hands of the USA executive.

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The Fox interference in Kickapoo affairs and their growing insolence provoked the wrath of the Kickapoos, and an intertribal friendship which had existed for nearly a century soon became a mutual enmity. Guignas played on this growing rift with presents from Boucher's stores, and pledged to use his influence to place the Kickapoos in the good graces of the French whenever his captors were ready to journey with him to the Illinois settlements. Guignas constantly reminded the Kickapoos that the change in tribal policy he recommended would insure the safety and quick return of their women and children.

Firing from the dense cover of the north bank, Kickapoo sharpshooters succeeded in wounding every member of Croghan's party, killing several. When the eddying current beached the boats, the attackers savagely tomahawked the survivors, killing five on the spot. "24 After looting the goods stowed in the boats, the Kickapoos conducted Croghan and the other survivors to their village at Ouiatanon. Croghan related that the people at this place, besides the Kickapoos, consisted of eighty French families, an "idle, lazy people, a parcel of renegadoes from Canada and much worse than the Indians.

24 After looting the goods stowed in the boats, the Kickapoos conducted Croghan and the other survivors to their village at Ouiatanon. Croghan related that the people at this place, besides the Kickapoos, consisted of eighty French families, an "idle, lazy people, a parcel of renegadoes from Canada and much worse than the Indians. " Croghan explained the purpose of his mission to his captors and tried to impress upon them the importance of his sending out messages. This the Kickapoos refused. Croghan was held incommunicado for thirty-five days.

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