By Maureen Clerc, Laurent Bougrain, Fabien Lotte
Brain–computer interfaces (BCI) are units which degree mind task and translate it into messages or instructions, thereby starting up many chances for research and alertness. This e-book presents keys for knowing and designing those multi-disciplinary interfaces, which require many fields of craftsmanship corresponding to neuroscience, data, informatics and psychology.
This moment quantity, know-how and purposes, is concentrated at the box of BCI from the viewpoint of its finish clients, resembling people with disabilities to practitioners. protecting medical purposes and the sphere of games, the e-book then is going directly to discover consumer wishes which force the layout and improvement of BCI. The software program used for his or her layout, essentially OpenViBE, is defined step-by-step, ahead of a dialogue at the use of BCI from moral, philosophical and social perspectives.
The easy notions constructed during this reference ebook are meant to be available to all readers attracted to BCI, no matter what their historical past. extra complicated fabric can also be provided, for readers who are looking to extend their wisdom in disciplinary fields underlying BCI.
Read or Download Brain-Computer Interfaces 2: Technology and Applications PDF
Best computer science books
Too frequently, designers of desktops, either and software program, use types and ideas that target the artifact whereas ignoring the context during which the artifact might be used. in response to this booklet, that assumption is a big cause for plenty of of the mess ups in modern computers improvement.
Within the eyes of many, probably the most not easy difficulties of the knowledge society is that we're confronted with an ever increasing mass of data. number of the appropriate bits of knowledge turns out to turn into extra vital than the retrieval of knowledge as such: the data is all in the market, yet what it capacity and the way we must always act on it can be one of many large questions of the twenty first century.
A principal objective of synthetic intelligence is to provide a working laptop or computer software common sense figuring out of uncomplicated domain names corresponding to time, area, basic legislation of nature, and straightforward proof approximately human minds. many alternative structures of illustration and inference were constructed for expressing such wisdom and reasoning with it.
Extra resources for Brain-Computer Interfaces 2: Technology and Applications
The MMN appears around Brain–Computer Interfaces in Disorders of Consciousness 9 120 ms and has generators in the auditory and frontal cortices [NAA 78, GIA 90]. Its presence during coma is a very speciﬁc marker of awakening [KAN 93, KAN 96, FIS 99, FIS 04, FIS 06]. In postcoma states, it is a strong marker of improvement [KOT 05, WIJ 07]. Finally, the infrequent occurrence of an unexpected stimulus in an oddball paradigm triggers attention orienting, characterized by the novelty P3 component between 250 and 300 ms [FRI 01].
The results of the eight patients with other etiologies were all negative [CRU 12a]. A simpliﬁed version of this paradigm was successfully tested in a patient who had been in a VS for 12 years [CRU 12b]. Only four electrodes were used, and the instructions (“move your right/left hand”, “relax”) were often repeated in order to reduce the required mental effort. This simple 20-min EEG 14 Brain–Computer Interfaces 2 procedure, which managed to elicit willful responses from patients unable to communicate, could potentially be used routinely in clinics to assess consciousness.
588–597, 2015. , “Event-related EEG/MEG synchronization and desynchronization: basic principles”, Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1842–1857, 1999. , “Updating P300: an integrative theory of P3a and P3b”, Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 118, pp. 2128–2148, 2007. , L IU Y. , “Anterior cingulate activity and the self in disorders of consciousness”, Human Brain Mapping, vol. 31, pp. 1993–2002, 2010. , C HAUSSON N. , “Probing ERP correlates of verbal semantic processing in patients with impaired consciousness”, Neuropsychologia, pp.