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By Gérald Bronner

This e-book discusses the media, ideals, the scoop, the net, and so on. however it shouldn't be visible as one more critique of the media approach, exploring with offended fascination the assumption of a machination opposed to fact manage to serve a society of domination. these types of theories, whether or not they pertain to conspiracy theories or, extra subtly, to a self-styled "critical" mind set, have regularly appeared to be the expression of a sort of highbrow puerility. this isn't to assert that makes an attempt at manipulating reviews don't take place, or that our global is unfastened from compromised rules, or certainly corruption; faraway from it, yet none of this is often the main issue.

In truth, truth can one way or the other be much more unsettling than these myths, although subtle they're, that envisage the media approach hand-in-hand with undefined, technological know-how, etc, all in contract in order to lead the "people" clear of the reality. it truly is extra unsettling as the approaches defined during this e-book and that let falsehood and dubiousness to grasp the general public sphere are boosted by way of the improvement of IT, the workings of our minds, and the very nature of democracy. and at last, it really is extra unsettling simply because we're all answerable for what will occur to us.

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9. 2% are pro-belief. This kind of result is confirmed year after year by students, who carry out the same experiment with similar themes: the lunar effect on births, the existence of Lizardmen, telepathy and various conspiracy theories. These results seem as achievable in the French-speaking world as they do in the Englishspeaking world, or even in the Chinese one – at least in relation to the “crystal skulls” myth (these alleged Mesoamerican sculptures are regarded by some as supernatural in origin and power), the only topic on which one Chinese student focused (he has to confess that he has not checked his results because of my linguistic incompetence, so he can vouch for their exactitude on a trust basis).

The backdrop of this program was yet another development of the Dominique Strauss-Kahn affair. An American journalist, Edward Jay Epstein, claimed he could provide new elements, suggesting that the former managing director of the IMF might have been the victim of a conspiracy. To tell the truth, the conversation was less concerned with this matter than with the question of conspiracy in general. As it often happens, my participation in this kind of program resulted in a torrent of criticism. “Gerald Bronner is exactly like one of those collaborators who want to deprive people of all of their judgments” is only one of the many criticisms found on a forum.

4. The theorem of information credulity Since beliefs often propose solutions that suit our minds’ natural inclinations, and since they rely on the confirmation bias, they will produce a cognitive effect beneficial to the mental effort involved. As Ross et al. [ROS 75] and Ross and Lepper [ROS 80] show, people, after accepting an idea, will persevere with their conviction. Their persistence will be all the more trouble-free since the increase in unselective dissemination of information has made it likelier for them to find “data” confirming their belief.

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