By J.P.M. Camacho
B chromosomes are extra passengers present in the karyotypes of approximately 15 consistent with cent of eukaryote species. they're top understood as genome parasites exploiting the host genome due to their transmissional virtue, and are usually deleterious for the organism wearing them. because the final compilation of B chromosome literature greater than two decades in the past, many new findings have contributed to construction an expanding physique of information of those mysterious genetic parts. This unmarried subject factor of "Cytogenetic and Genome learn" updates those new information in its forty papers authored by means of researchers from 19 international locations. It offers up to date experiences on crops, fish, amphibians and mammals and, for the 1st time, on Sternorrhyncha hemipterans, decapodan crustaceans, helminth parasites and lizards. It additionally offers new unique information on many elements of B chromosomes together with their definition, new occurrences, frequency, constitution, composition, beginning, results at the host genome, and extra.
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Extra info for B Chromosomes In The Eukaryote Genome (Cytogenetic & Genome Research)
Drummondii groups, non-synonymous diversity values in exon 2 were comparable to intron nucleotide diversity (Table 4). 0001 for drummondiilike, holboellii-like and aneuploid-specific alleles, whereas nonsynonymous substitutions for the same region were comparable to diversity in the intron (Table 4). 0001 in exon 1 when considering silent mutations, whereas levels of non-synonymous diversity for exon 1 were comparable to diversity found in the intron region (Table 4). 0001 silent diversity and the highest non-synonymous diversity of any of the comparisons (Table 4).
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