By Otfried Hoffe
Somebody attracted to theories of ethical or human perform will locate in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics one of many few uncomplicated versions suitable via to this day. on the centre of his research, either sober and wary, are such suggestions as happiness, advantage, selection, prudence, incontinence, excitement and friendship. Aristotle's arguments are under no circumstances of basically ancient curiosity, yet proceed to exert a key impression on present-day moral debate. The 13 contributions during this quantity current the principles of Aristotle's research, in addition to the trendy history of its reception.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's "Nicomachean ethics"
Ethics as practical philosophy For the cases where Aristotle recognizes only a restricted capacity to produce happiness, not just with external goods but also with basic moral attitudes, he admits the risky character of human existence. Virtue remains a necessary condition for the end of human life, and yet it cannot guarantee this end. On the one hand, it can produce consequences that are harmful to happiness, while on the other, it does not prevent anyone from falling prey to misfortune. Virtue can indeed compensate for the petty misfortunes of life, and in the case of great misfortune it prevents someone from being ground down.
More broadly understood, it rather means any perfected specialist competence, and more narrowly, that ability to recognize those genuinely first principles (archai) that are needed for “first philosophy” or metaphysics. But if this ability is called most complete, it is so in a different sense from that of the excursus on method; according to this, a science is the more complete, the fewer premises on which it is based. In this sense, for example, arithmetic is superior to geometry. And the most complete, since the poorest in premises, is First Philosophy or sophia, since not only does this not assume its genuinely first premises, the principles, but it thematizes them.
A). ) wisdom does not mean a venerable experience of life. More broadly understood, it rather means any perfected specialist competence, and more narrowly, that ability to recognize those genuinely first principles (archai) that are needed for “first philosophy” or metaphysics. But if this ability is called most complete, it is so in a different sense from that of the excursus on method; according to this, a science is the more complete, the fewer premises on which it is based. In this sense, for example, arithmetic is superior to geometry.