Download Anthropology and Development: Challenges for the by Katy Gardner, David Lewis PDF

By Katy Gardner, David Lewis

Western relief is in decline. New different types of relief, from in the constructing international locations themselves and somewhere else, are within the ascent, and a brand new set of world monetary and political tactics are shaping improvement within the twenty-first century. Katy Gardner and David Lewis have thoroughly rewritten and up-to-date their previous, influential paintings, bringing it as much as the current day. They interact with approximately twenty years of continuity and alter within the improvement undefined, arguing specifically that whereas overseas improvement has elevated because the Nineties, it has turn into extra rigidly technocratic. Anthropology & improvement will function a reformulation of the sphere and as a very good textbook for either graduate and undergraduates alike.

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Extra resources for Anthropology and Development: Challenges for the Twenty-First Century

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One of the main problems with dependency theory is that it tends to treat peripheral states and populations as passive, being blind to everything but their exploitation. While it is certainly important to analyse the structures which perpetuate underdevelopment, however, we must also recognise the ways in which individuals and societies strategise to maximise opportunities, how they resist structures which subordinate them and, in some cases, how they successfully embrace capitalist development.

They often know far better than development planners how to strategise to get the best from difficult circumstances, yet modernisation strategies rarely, if ever, pay heed to local knowledge. Indeed, local culture is generally either ignored by planners or treated as a ‘constraint’. This is a grave failing, for anthropologists such as Mair (1984) and Hill (1986) have shown in detail how an understanding of local culture is vital for more appropriate development projects. We shall spend much of this book discussing such insights.

Although their work was quite different from Durkheim’s, Marx and Engels also acknowledged a debt to Darwin (Giddens, 1971: 66). Marx argued that societies were transformed through changes in the mode of production. This was assumed to evolve in a series of stages, or modes of production, which Marx believed all societies would eventually pass through. Nineteenth-century Britain, for example, had already experienced the transformation from a feudal to a capitalist mode of production. When capitalism was sufficiently developed, Marx argued, the system would break down and the next stage – of socialism – would be reached.

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