By Iain McCalman
For the 1st time, this cutting edge reference booklet surveys the Romantic Age via all points of British tradition, instead of in literary or creative phrases on my own. This multi-disciplinary process treats Romanticism either in aesthetic terms-its which means for portray, tune, layout, structure, and literature-and as a old epoch of "revolutionary" adjustments which ushered in glossy democratic and industrialized society.
McCalman (Australian nationwide Univ.) has assembled a world workforce of specialists, from fields as diversified as political background, pop culture, literature, faith, and medication, with a purpose to create a large reference paintings at the Romantic age in Britain. the 1st a part of the publication includes thematic essays grouped into 4 various sections. Eschewing facile generalizations in regards to the Romantic period, the authors didn't search to enhance a unmarried unified subject matter; really, they sought to regard topics lower than broader headings corresponding to "Transforming Polity and Nation" and "Culture, intake, and the Arts." by way of focusing the essays during this type, McCalman simply manages to keep up an inner coherence between issues. The essays themselves are of top quality and mirror the most recent scholarship. the second one a part of the ebook includes alphabetical entries of occasions, personalities, techniques, and developments in a few matters. Of specific curiosity are references to the folks and associations that make up the "radical" non secular and political pursuits of the period, comparable to Thomas Spence, Joseph Brothers, and Joanna Southcott, and many of the societies they joined or encouraged. aimed toward a large viewers, this e-book is a worthy reference software. instructed for all public and educational libraries.
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Extra resources for An Oxford Companion to The Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832
Over the next twenty years patriotic celebration on a similar scale occurred only for the coronations of 1821 and 1831. The earlier emphasis on patriotism as a state ideology, employed by the aristocratic élite in control of the state to dissipate and divert popular opposition, has given way to a focus on the prominence of patriotism in urban societies and middle class life in general. As a ruling device, patriotism is seen operating to best effect in the towns, where incumbent élites, interested in developing civic cultures and often faced with the problems of controlling large, disparate populations, readily appreciated how it could be used to unify their communities and secure their authority.
It was also forced to expand the militia and to endorse the creation of a *volunteer force throughout the country. In 1803‒4 something like 20 per cent of the adult male populations of the rural counties and 35 per cent of the more industrial and urban counties were enlisted in the volunteers. The result was a country in arms, with a substantial proportion of the British male public holding weapons, something which Pitt had refused to countenance in the winter of 1792–3. Women also were mobilized, in the buying and sending of uniforms for the troops, in the making of ﬂags and banners for the volunteers, and in the raising of public subscriptions.
In some respects it came to resemble its principal antagonist. It was forced to conduct a mass mobilization, trebling the number of men in its armed forces from the highest total of the American war. It was also forced to expand the militia and to endorse the creation of a *volunteer force throughout the country. In 1803‒4 something like 20 per cent of the adult male populations of the rural counties and 35 per cent of the more industrial and urban counties were enlisted in the volunteers. The result was a country in arms, with a substantial proportion of the British male public holding weapons, something which Pitt had refused to countenance in the winter of 1792–3.