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By Sharon O'Brien

This publication describes the fight of Indian tribes and their governments to accomplish freedom and self-determination regardless of repeated makes an attempt via overseas governments to dominate, exterminate, or assimilate them. Drawing at the disciplines of political technology, historical past, legislation, and anthropology and written in an instantaneous, readable sort, American Indian Tribal Governments is a complete creation to standard tribal governments, to the background of Indian-white family members, to the constitution and felony rights of recent tribal governments, and to the altering roles of federal and kingdom governments in terms of modem tribal governments. book of this ebook fills a niche in American Indian reports, supplying students with a foundation from which to start an built-in research of tribal govt, delivering academics with a very good introductory textbook, and supplying normal readers with an available and whole creation to American Indian background and government. The book's designated constitution permits assurance of a very good breadth of knowledge whereas fending off the typical mistake of generalizing approximately all tribes and cultures. An introductory part offers the elemental issues of the booklet and describes the conventional governments of 5 tribes selected for his or her geographic and cultural diversity-the Senecas, the Muscogees, the Lakotas, the Isleta Pueblo, and the Yakimas. the following 3 chapters overview the historical past of Indian-white family members from the time Christopher Columbus "discovered" the United States to the current. Then the historical past and modem govt of every of the 5 tribes offered prior is tested intimately. the ultimate chapters research the evolution and present felony powers of tribal governments, the tribal-federal courting, and the tribal-state relationship.American Indian Tribal Governments illuminates problems with tribal sovereignty and indicates how tribes are keeping and increasing their keep an eye on of tribal club, felony structures, baby welfare, land and source use, searching and fishing, company legislation, schooling, and social prone. different examples exhibit tribes negotiating with nation and federal governments to relieve assets of clash, together with problems with legal and civil jurisdiction, taxation, searching and fishing rights, and keep watch over of average assets. Excerpts from old and modem records and speeches spotlight the textual content, and multiple hundred pictures, maps, and charts exhibit tribal existence, govt, and interplay with white society because it was once and is. incorporated in addition are a word list and a chronology of significant occasions.

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In the Iroquois League, rule by council consensus did not mean rule by a few or even by a majority, but rule by all. The Muscogee (Creek) Nation The Muscogees, or Creeks, as the whites called them, originally lived in a large area extending throughout presentday eastern Alabama, Georgia, and neighboring areas. By 1500 the Muscogee Nation, composed of many independent tribes, had formed a strong political confederacy of more than twenty thousand people. The primary governing body of the confederacy was the Great Council, which met every summer.

Page iii American Indian Tribal Governments By Sharon O'Brien UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS : NORMAN AND LONDON Page iv Dedicated to the Indian people who have taught me with such patience and generosity and to my parents, Dale and Maurine O'Brien, who have always encouraged me to seek knowledge for the understanding and joy that it brings. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data O'Brien, Sharon. 1st ed. p.  321 Includes index.  Series. 1'197dc19 89-4791 ISBN: 0-8061-2199-8 (cloth) ISBN: 0-8061-2564-0 (paper) American Indian Tribal Governments is Volume 192 in The Civilization of the American Indian Series.

Honor and esteem are their principal rewards; as shame, and being deposed, their punishment. Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1727 The particular structures that embodied these values were as varied as the methods of coping with diverse environments. Some small bands and tribes, the Yakimas of the Columbia River area, for instance, operated with simple govern- Page 17 ing bodies. All members of the tribe, meeting in a daily general council, discussed and decided on matters of general importance.

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