By Cristóbal de Molina
Only a couple of a long time after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a document at the non secular practices of the Incas. The document was once ready by way of Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the health facility for the Natives of Our girl of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher normal of the town. Molina was once an exceptional Quechua speaker, and his complicated language talents allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals performed on the top of Inca rule. hence, Molina's account preserves a very important first-hand checklist of Inca spiritual ideals and practices.
This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas due to the fact that 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly remark and notes. The paintings opens with a number of Inca construction myths and outlines of the main gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses an important rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the yr, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, equivalent to beginning rituals, woman initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, within which all of the shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial flow that unfold around the Andes through the overdue 1560s in line with turning out to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Extra resources for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere)
Even though before the rule [of the Incas], their ancestors did [track the] months and years on their quipus, they were not as well organized as when he was Lord, since they were only regulated by the winters and the summers. This [Lord] was so wise that he started pondering upon the respect and reverence that his ancestors have had for the Sun, noting that they worshipped him as a god who never stopped or rested and who traveled every day around the world. This [Lord] spoke and discussed with those of his council that it was not possible for the Sun to be the god who created everything, because if he were, a small cloud would not be able to pass in front of him and obscure his resplendence so he could not shine.
This [Lord] was so wise that he started pondering upon the respect and reverence that his ancestors have had for the Sun, noting that they worshipped him as a god who never stopped or rested and who traveled every day around the world. This [Lord] spoke and discussed with those of his council that it was not possible for the Sun to be the god who created everything, because if he were, a small cloud would not be able to pass in front of him and obscure his resplendence so he could not shine. And that if he were the Creator of All Things, then one day he would rest; and from that place he would illuminate the entire world and order what he wanted.
In this way, the month ended. June They called the month of June Cauay [or] by another name, Chahuarhuay. 46 July They called the month of July Moronpassa Tarpuiquilla. In this month they performed the Yahuayra celebrations, during which they asked the Creator for all the food to grow and produce well in that year, and for it to be a prosperous [year]. 4). The tarpuntaes, who are people like priests, were careful to fast from [the time when] they planted the maize until it reached about a finger’s height above the ground.