By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman goals and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities while they struggle to the dying over scraps from the desk of the overseas drug exchange. yet John Hagedorn, usually, additionally unearths wish within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, unity, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he keeps the desire tradition of resistance will finally be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction. no matter if one stocks his optimism or no longer, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm may be decided at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and desires of hundreds of thousands of rebellious adolescence round the planet. it's an necessary paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial studying for college students of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one billion those that now dwell in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous beneficial properties of lifestyle. even though nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, all over the world phenomenon that play an important function in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to non secular and political violence. In a global of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang as a result of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 international cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. specifically, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic allure of gangsta rap and its highway ethic of survival “by any ability necessary” offers very important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs worldwide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful observe. featuring ways that gangs could be inspired to beat their violent traits, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop in an effort to carry gangs into broader pursuits for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the international urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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“Street gangs replicate the inhuman pursuits and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities whilst they try to the demise over scraps from the desk of the overseas drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, often, additionally reveals desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, cohesion, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the wish tradition of resistance will eventually be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction.
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Additional resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
Jean-François Bayart terms the situation in sub-Saharan Africa as the “criminalization of the state,” or the segmentation of the state into networks that include illicit trade and corruption. ”21 William Reno calls this the “shadow state,” dominated by warlords—a state that is not so much “weak” as it is a crazy quilt of armed groups. ”24 Politics, economics, and crime go together like, well . . like vampires and blood: Signiﬁcantly for a possible future warlord politics, these agents of political violence transmute into networks of criminal violence and agents of enterprising local strongmen.
That same religious fervor applies to joining a Chicago gang. A college student described his initiation as a teenager being blessed into the Black Gangster Disciples, making clear the power of ritual: After a long string of questions, including my concerns about the initiation process, I agreed. It felt right, like magic. . The ﬁrst meeting I attended was held during the evening hours in the park across from our high school. . A circle was formed and all brothers crossed their arms right over left.
Net. A World of Gangs is both a product of my research contradicting previously trusted theories and a search for how to better reach our endangered youth. Nearly one hundred years ago, Robert Park, a journalist turned sociologist, looked out at Chicago’s “gangland” and led social scientists in a sustained eﬀort to humanize the hobos, juvenile delinquents, and other “socially excluded” residents of the slums. The “Chicago school” studies were aimed to humanize, but they also explained why crime and violence occurred in speciﬁc areas of the city.