Download A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee by Brad Montgomery-Anderson PDF

By Brad Montgomery-Anderson

The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing process within the usa. Invented through Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it used to be swiftly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing approach, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and in simple terms whole released grammar of the Cherokee language.

even though the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken via the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it offers the grammatical starting place upon which all of the dialects are dependent. In his advent, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson bargains a short account of Cherokee historical past and language revitalization tasks, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The booklet then delves into a proof of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, elements of speech, and syntax.

whereas the ebook is meant as a reference grammar for skilled students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the data in obtainable phases, relocating from more straightforward examples to extra complicated linguistic buildings. Examples are taken from various resources, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of varied textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a word list keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a suite of literary texts: conventional tales and a ancient account of a seek celebration touring up the Arkansas River.

The Cherokee kingdom, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the biggest in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the jap band of Cherokees, have various those who communicate their local language. Like different tribes, they've got obvious a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, relatively one of the younger, yet they've got answered with bold courses for conserving and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function an important source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee heritage, language, and tradition on their lonesome terms.

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3. 3. 4. 62 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 1. 2. 77 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. ……91 4. 93 5. 1. 2. …102 6. ………103 7. 107 30 CHAPTER 2: CHEROKEE SOUNDS AND HOW TO WRITE THEM 1. INVENTORY OF SOUNDS Cherokee has a relatively small inventory of sounds; most of the consonants are familiar to a speaker of English or other European languages. This size of the consonant inventory is typical of languages of the southeast. 1 The vowels do not contrast for nasality, but do distinguish length as well as six different tones. In comparison with other languages, Cherokee is unusual in its scarcity of sounds made with the lips: there are no sounds [b], [f], [v], and very few words with the sound /m/.

The literature is consistent in the description of five verb stems, but the semantic details of these stems is an area that warrants further investigation. Although a relatively large amount of work has been done on the verb, there is little detailed discussion of the semantics and pragmatics of the tense/aspect/mood affixes. Furthermore, it is unclear how to derive, for example, nouns or adjectives from verbs and how productive these processes are. The use of postpositions needs further exploration; in particular there needs to be a better understanding of the possibilities for constructing postpositional phrases and the semantic nuances conveyed by such constructions.

B. ’ In (14) is an example of a minimal pair that contrasts /hl/ and /thl/; the syllabary spelling is identical. 14) a. fC b. 2. Sonorants Sonorants are sounds that are inherently voiced and, unlike stops, fricatives, and affricates, are produced with little obstruction of the airflow. The liquid /l/, the nasals /n/ and /m/, and the glides /w/ and /y/ are all sonorants. 11 As with other sounds it is difficult to find minimal pairs, but there are enough near minimal pairs to justify dividing aspirated and aspirated sonorants into different phonemes.

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