Download A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head by Philomena Dol PDF

By Philomena Dol

Maybrat is a Papuan language that is spoken within the primary quarter of the Bird's Head Peninsula , Papua Province , Indonesia . even though it truly is one of many greater neighborhood languages in Papua Province when it comes to numbers of audio system, a complete grammar in this language has hitherto now not been published.

This publication goals to offer an summary of the phonology, morphology and sy n tax of the Maybrat language because it is spoken by way of the folk of Ayawasi. preferably, this paintings can be utilized as a reference grammar: it provides information regarding crucial structural and typological features of Maybrat. With this in brain, the grammar is filled with illustrative examples targeted round contrasts in shape and which means, that are mentioned within the textual content.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Maybrat: A Language of the Bird’s Head Peninsula, Papua Province, Indonesia

Sample text

Vogten), in which the PSOLA (Pitch Synchronous Overlap and Add) technique for speech synthesis, based on waveform editing is implemented. 1h was used). Phonology 37 On the basis of perceptual evidence and the acoustic evidence presented in (31) and (32), I will assume that epenthetic [´] is syllabic. Syllable structure in Maybrat is then derived from the phonetic rather than from the phonological structure of a form. Thus, the syllable structure of forms involving this [´] is as follows: (33) /mno/ /tpo/ /mnan/ [m´»no] [t´»po] [m´»nan] CV|CV CV|CV CV|CVC ‘she does (something)’ ‘I hold’ ‘it is enough’ On the assumption that [´] is syllabic, forms including [´] conform to the prominent syllable structure CV.

Admittedly the forms mentioned as homophones are suspicious, but elaborate acoustic and perceptual experiments did not result in a verifiable difference between the members of each pair (see Chapter 3, footnote 3). The sequence /wC/ is very uncommon. 2). Alternatively, word-initially and word-medially, the pairs /y/ and /i/, and the pairs /w/ and /u/ can be analysed as being in complementary distribution, as the distinctive minimal pairs given above are not fully airtight: some informants were unsure whether the forms marked ‘*’ in (7)–(9) were incorrect.

The latter occur at the periphery of syllables. Syllables in Maybrat can have any one of the four structures presented in (27) below: (27) V CV VC CVC /u/ /ru/ /am/ /mes/ ‘louse’ ‘bird’ ‘traditional rain cape’ ‘blood’ Given the syllabified phoneme-strings in (27), the maximal syllable expansion is CVC. The predominant pattern is CV. Lists of polysyllabic words are presented in (28), where syllable boundaries are marked ‘ | ’. Types found only once are marked ‘ + ’. (28) Two syllables: V|V V|CV V|VC V|CVC /a|u/ /a|fi/ /a|of/ /a|max/ ‘she’ ‘roof’ ‘sago’ ‘house’ CV|V CV|CV CV|VC CV|CVC /ma|i/ /sa|to/ /ma|on/ /ta|fox/ ‘they hit; PROHIB; sound’ ‘island’ ‘it is sharp’ ‘fire’ CVC|CVC /xam|pax/ ‘tip of sago sheet’ /i|si|e/ /sa|wi|a/ /kam|te|fo/ /ki|ni|ax/ ‘sun’ ‘spear’ ‘Podocarpus pilgeri’32 ‘it is small’ Three syllables: V|CV|V CV|CV|V CVC|CV|CV CV|CV|VC 32 In Ayawasi people referred to kamtefo as kayu Cina, literally ‘Chinese wood’.

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