By Ariane van Buren
Makes use of diagrams and photographs to teach how the elemental layout of the biogas pit will be tailored for development in several soils, from sandstone to sheer rock, which may still motivate different constructing international locations to embark on their lonesome biogas courses. Reprinted in 1997.
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Additional info for A Chinese Biogas Manual: Popularising Technology in the Countryside
We also argue that different governance mechanisms can complement and reinforce each other in the process of interorganizational value creation. Responsiveness Supplier responsiveness, the ultimate outcome variable in this study, is defined as the extent to which suppliers are effective in marshalling and redeploying resources in their attempt to respond quickly to environmental changes (Fang et al. 2008; Handfield and Bechtel, 2002). In supply chain relationships, cycle time reduction has been regarded as one of the most important outcome variables (Hult, Ketchen, and Arrfelt, 2007; Hult et al.
Rose, and Tohyun Kim In equations (1) – (4), the following notion applies: ΔDt-i = the change in the number of domestic subsidiaries from year t-i to year t, ΔIt-i = the change in the number of international subsidiaries from year t-i to year t, a = intercept parameter, bi, ci, and g = coefficient parameters, et = random disturbance. Unidirectional Granger causality occurs when past values of one group of variables explain present values of the other group, but not vice versa. For example, considering annual changes in subsidiary numbers, Granger causality from international to domestic can be inferred when the estimated coefficients for the lagged ΔIt-i variables, ci, in equation (1) are, as a group, significantly different to zero, while those for the lagged ΔDt-i variables in equation (2) are not.
Martin’s Press). Ito, K. L. (1999) ‘The implicit return on domestic and international sales: An empirical analysis of cross-subsidization’, Association of Japanese Business Studies Best Papers Proceedings. Kennedy, P. (2003) A Guide to Econometrics, 5th ed. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press). J. ’, Journal of International Business Studies, 25 (3), 493–511. Owen, S. and Yawson, A. (2006), ‘Domestic or international: Divestitures in Australian multinational corporations’, Global Finance Journal, 17(2), 282–93.