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By Jules Verne

Twenty Thousand Leagues below the ocean (French: Vingt mille lieues sous les mers) is a vintage technology fiction novel via French author Jules Verne, released in 1870. it really is concerning the fictional Captain Nemo and his submarine, Nautilus, as noticeable by means of one among his passengers, Professor Pierre Aronnax. the unique variation, released through Hetzel, incorporates a variety of illustrations via Alphonse de Neuville and Edouard Riou.

The name refers back to the distance travelled below the ocean, to not the intensity, as 20,000 leagues is 20 instances the radius of the earth. the best intensity pointed out within the booklet is four leagues. A literal translation of the French name might lead to the plural "Seas", hence implying the "Seven Seas" wherein the characters of the radical go back and forth. even if, the average English translation of the name makes use of "Sea", which means the sea regularly, as in "going to sea".

The notice leagues within the English name is a literal translation of lieues, yet refers to French leagues. The French league have been a variable unit yet within the metric period used to be standardized as four km. hence the name distance is akin to 80,000 km (twice round the Earth) or roundly 50,000 statute miles. In universal English utilization 1 league equals three miles. (Quote from

About the Author

Jules Gabriel Verne (February eight, 1828 - March 24, 1905) was once a French writer who pioneered the science-fiction style. he's top identified for novels resembling trip to the heart of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues less than the ocean (1870), and worldwide in 80 Days (1873). Verne wrote approximately area, air, and underwater shuttle ahead of air shuttle and sensible submarines have been invented, and ahead of functional technique of house trip were devised. he's the 3rd such a lot translated writer on the planet, accordi

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Extra info for 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

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Instead, the real explanation of the novel lay in the resemblance between Crusoe’s character––including his religious hypocrisy––and that of Defoe himself. In their unscrupulous motivation and erratic progress, Crusoe’s adventures could be mapped directly onto the wayward career of their author. ‘You are the true Allegorick Image of thy tender Father D––––l ’, Gildon has Defoe tell Crusoe in a dramatized part of the pamphlet: ‘I drew thee from the Consideration of my own Mind; I have been all my Life that Rambling, Inconsistent Creature, which I have made thee’ (p.

43 44 Introduction xxxiii of an implacable Catholic interest. ’46 Crusoe’s perils, like those of his co-religionists, are only beginning at this point. Yet there is no allegorical equivalence here, nor even the clarity of a number of other intertexts suggested by Crusoe’s situation. 47 In Henry Pitman’s narrative of his ordeal on Tortuga, the status of the castaways as ‘Sufferers on the account of the Duke of Monmouth’ is never forgotten, and the Caribbean as a whole turns out to be awash with Monmouth sympathizers, even among James II’s navy (Relation of Henry Pitman, ; see also , ).

But for the most part the significant connections are to do with psychological, emotional, and spiritual states, or with general patterns of oscillation between good and bad fortune. That said, Defoe’s talk of the island as symbolic of other confinement inevitably suggests his own past as a political prisoner, and the link is reinforced by the cry Crusoe teaches his parrot–– ‘Poor Robin Crusoe . . Where have you been? ’ (p. )––which echoes Defoe’s own public lament after his punishment for seditious libel: ‘Alas, Poor De Foe!

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