By Jean-Michael Rabaté
This cutting edge publication places modernist literature in its cultural, highbrow, and worldwide context, in the framework of the yr 1913.Broadens the research of canonical texts and creative occasions via displaying their cultural and worldwide parallels Examines a couple of simultaneous inventive, literary, and political endeavours together with these of Yeats, Pound, Joyce, Du Bois and Stravinsky Explores Pound's Personae subsequent to Apollinaire's Alcools and Rilke's Spanish Trilogy, Edith Wharton's The customized of the rustic subsequent to Proust's Swann's means
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Extra info for 1913: The Cradle of Modernism
No one had gone further in the latter endeavor than Schoenberg, who nevertheless was aware that this was less a revolution than an evolution that suddenly radicalized trends one could find in the later Beethoven, in Wagner’s leitmotivistic chromatism, or in Brahms’ orchestral polyphonies. Busoni, one of the first to endorse the experiments led by Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern, gave a theoretical framework to the movement when he published his Sketches of a New Musical Esthetic in 1907. This was followed by Schoenberg’s publication of his massive volume Harmonielehre (Treatise on Harmony) in 1911, in order to prove to his detractors that he knew enough about harmony – before explaining that it was time to rethink it completely.
There, Schoenberg experimented freely with contextual atonality, with Sprechstimme, a “speech-voice” or animated declamation in which the female singer speaks more than she sings – which seems to suggest that the voice leads the music. He also used Klangfarbenmelodie in the accompaniment of the voice by a small ensemble made up of a flute, a clarinet, a violin, a cello, and a piano. It has remained a classic of modern music, especially when it was revived by Pierre Boulez in the sixties to launch a second school of serial music.
On the whole, people were rather optimistic about the consequences of a more and more widespread use of film. The French journalist René Doumic believed that film would bring about a more “democratic art” since it brought kings, emperors, and prime ministers closer to the people. Presidents like Poincaré and Wilson soon learned to use the technology to their advantage. 5 Music I have already mentioned the Parisian scandal caused by the premiere of The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps – soon dubbed Le Massacre du printemps by Parisian wits6).